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National Identification Card (Republic of China)
The Republic of China National Identification Card is an identity document issued only to citizens that have a household registration in the Taiwan Area of the Republic of China. While the Republic of China Passport allows for entry into Taiwan, the Identification Card is used for virtually all other activities that require identity verification within Taiwan such as opening bank accounts and voting. The Republic of China National Identification Card, rather than the ROC Passport, grants the holder the right of abode in Taiwan.
The Identification Card contains the holder's photo, ID number, Chinese name, and (Minguo calendar) date of birth. The back of the card contains more detailed information, including the person's registered address where official correspondence is sent, as well as the names of his/her parents and spouse.
If the person moves, he/she must re-register at a municipal office.
Unlike the Republic of China passport which can be issued overseas at Taipei Economic and Cultural Offices, the National Identification Card is only issued in Taiwan at municipal offices. Dual Passport holders that have a household registration can only apply for the Identification Card after they enter Taiwan using the Republic of China Passport. Male dual passport holders who register for the Identification Card also become eligible for military conscription within the Republic of China, unless the person has overseas resident status .
ROC Passport holders without a household registration can obtain the ID card if they reside in Taiwan continuously for one full year without leaving after obtaining a Republic of China Taiwan Area Resident Certificate.
Possession of the Identification Card along with the Republic China Passport are required to obtain the People's Republic of China's Taiwan Compatriot Pass for entry into Mainland China.
Foreigners residents in Taiwan are required to carry an Alien Resident Certificate (ARC), which serves the many non-citizen related functions of the ID card.